The plant most commonly referred to and used in gardens is Russian comfrey - Symphytum x uplandicum, a naturally occurring hybrid of two wild species: common comfrey - Symphytum officinale and prickly comfrey … Connecticut. A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh root, harvested before the plant flowers. Comfrey is rated as a highly effective plant for attracting bees as it has a long flowering period and is suitable for long and short-tongued species. Hi, I’m a little confused about my ‘Comfrey’ plant. The root and the leaves are used, the root being more active, and they can be taken internally or used externally as a poultice. “I love plants and sharing information and imagery about the human experience with medicinal and aromatic plants.” purple flowers the bees adore. The lookalike to be most concerned about is Foxglove Digitalis purpurea. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Symphytum officinale for blunt injuries. Mark unread; Skip to new; Mark unread Print Skip to new. Use topically on unbroken skin. Symphytum Symphytum caucasicum Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Boraginales Family: Boraginaceae Subfamily: Boraginoideae Genus: Symphytum L. Type species Symphytum officinale L. Species See text. I have a one-year old perennial garden with this beautiful plant that is a mystery. In early spring, the young leaves of both plants look very similar, however, there are key features to help with identification: Comfrey – Comfrey leaves have smooth, uninterrupted edges, and sparse, but bristly hairs. Symphytum officinale is a perennial flowering plant in the family Boraginaceae.Along with thirty four other species of Symphytum, it is known as comfrey.To differentiate it from other members of the genus Symphytum, this species is known as common comfrey or true comfrey. There are few national experts who have the necessary expertise to arrive at a precise identification … I have been taught that the main differences between the Bocking Comfrey's #4 and #14 were that the Bocking #4 is self-seeding, very deep-rooted, it will thrive in drought where most other plants are helpless, higher protein, where as the Bocking #14 strain of Comfrey is shallow-rooted and subject to drought and it is disliked … For example, it is not possible to identify a plant brought directly from the Caucasus. 9 out of 10 plants have purple flowers, while remaining one's flowers are white with just a touch of purple. Both have medicinal uses but carry a risk of liver problems when used incorrectly. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant Materials Publications ... Cynoglossum virginianum L. – wild comfrey ... Common names are from state and federal lists. This means that this plant not only produces a great deal of sugar in its nectar on a daily basis, it provides a lot of nectar when compared to other UK plants tested in that survey on a yearly basis, making it a strong source of nectar overall. Comfrey is a plant. Comfrey leaves are added to compost heaps to stimulate the composting process. Leaves are basal, alternate on the lower stem and may be opposite in the upper plant, 2 to 10 inches long, ¾ to 4 inches wide, lance-elliptic to egg-shaped, toothless, bristly hairy, tapering to a pointed tip and narrowing at … He started there in the mid-1970s, when comfrey leaf was a major part of their harvest. wild comfrey. The comfrey plant is a perennial, blooming in the spring/summer and dying back in fall/winter. Habitat: It is native to Europe and it is known elsewhere, including North America, as an introduced species and sometimes a weed. agrimony, alpine ragwort, help, tansy ragwort). Older leaves can be dried and used as a tea. Florida. It can be chopped up finely and added to salads, in this way the hairiness is not so obvious. This is a picture of wild comfrey plants that grow in abundance by the river on my land. Hans / Pixabay. Its Latin name, Symphytum, comes from Greek words meaning “growing together of bones” and “plant’”.Besides being used to mend broken bones it’s also used for healing wounds and lung ailments, stopping heavy … Prickly comfrey (S. asperum) does not have winged stems, and the upper leaves are on very short stalks. Watch Reply. The root and leaves are anodyne, astringent (mild), demulcent, emollient, expectorant, haemostatic, refrigerant, vulnerary. your own Pins on Pinterest This substance is now synthesized in the pharmaceutical industry and used in healing creams. He started with the Sabbathday Lake Shaker Community Herb Department in Maine, America’s oldest herb business, dating back to 1799. Largest concentrations are found in the roots, leaves contain higher quantities of the alkaloid as they grow older and young leaves contain almost none. Stems erect, widely winged. Description: Symphytum officinale is a perennial growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a fast rate. In the middle of the tuft of leaves, flowering stems emerge, bearing bells with different colors depending on the variety. The ½-inch-long rose to bluish flowers are usually larger than those of common comfrey, and their lobes are erect. A tea is made from the dried leaves and roots. Other English names include Quaker comfrey, cultivated comfrey, boneset, knitbone, consound, and slippery-root. before the flowers appear, just wanted to capture the look of those upright textured leaves. wild comfrey. The stamens provide diagnostic characteristics. I hope it helps. Discover (and save!) Plant Identification; SOLVED: Comfrey or Virginia Bluebells? In the wild, comfrey occurs in moist grasslands and riverbanks throughout most of Europe, though it is rare in the extreme south; it is a naturalized alien in much of northern Europe and the eastern United States. He started with the Sabbathday Lake Shaker Community Herb Department in Maine, America’s oldest herb business, dating back to 1799. Foxglove – Young leaves have a softly serrated edge, and many soft hairs; So much that they feel velvety. The middle and upper leaves are without stems, but the point at which they attach to the stems extends downward to the stalk. Comfrey Russian, Symphytum ×uplandicum, Warsaw Botanical Garden. It can grow up to 5 feet tall. 18% also grow it as an ornamental – there are many different varieties available with different flower colours and variegated forms. Do not combine with herbs containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids (e.g. External applications and internally taken teas or tinctures of the leaves are considered to be completely safe, but internal applications of tablets or capsules are felt to have too many drawbacks for safe usage. Even though this plant contains poisonous chemicals called pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), some people use the leaf, root, and root-like stem (rhizome) to make medicine. Unfortunately, comfrey bears a stigma. In general, the health-promoting properties of the plant probably far outweigh any possible disbenefits, especially if only the younger leaves are used. Also known as: True comfrey. Comfrey is a shrub that grows in parts of Europe, Asia, and North America. Young shoots can be used as an asparagus substitute. Comfrey . I saw this nearby. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. The leaves are harvested in early summer before the plant flowers, the roots are harvested in the autumn. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from Jun to July. The leaves are also a very valuable addition to the compost heap. Wikimedia commons. He started there in the mid-1970s, when comfrey leaf was a major part of their harvest. Originating in Southwest Asia, it is naturalized in Europe as well as in parts of the eastern United States. After those leaves are established, it then grows the central flower … Comfrey flowers are above all much loved by bees: an almost failsafe way of bringing the buzz of honeybees to one’s garden is to plant comfrey there. Comfrey has a deep taproot and is a dynamic accumulator, which means that it brings up important nutrients from the soil that other plants benefit from, thus making it a great companion plant. I don't recall if I … The genus is not very large-several dozen species have been described, half of which do not deserve independence, but clearly something has not been done with the classification. frogandtoad Delaware, OH Jun 23, 2005. Leaves large and coarse, ... Because Comfrey hybridizes freely and is so difficult to identify with certainty we have decided to treat Common Comfrey as an aggregate. Stout plant to 1.2 metres. Prickly Comfrey, Symphytum asperum. Its leaves are full of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium - all nutrients needed by growing plants. The leaf blades do not hug the stem. In S. officinale, the anther (the yellow, pollen-bearing part of the stamen) is about as wide as the filament (stalk) on which it sits. This has a very limited range of application, but is of great benefit in the treatment of broken bones and eye injuries. Master the use of comfrey and you'll never need to buy expensive fertiliser again. Special Concern. Comfrey is a herb, with a huge range of uses. The anthers are significantly shorter than the filaments. In the 1970s, scientists discovered the presence of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) in comfrey that could harm the liver. The flower color ranges from white or creamy yellow to rose, pin, or light to dark purple, and the corolla lobes are curved backward. Historically, comfrey was used as to heal wounds and broken bones, leading it to be alternately referred to as knitbone or bruisewort. It is tolerant of being cut several times a year and can be used to provide ‘instant compost’ for crops such as potatoes. Young leaves – cooked or raw. The leaf is hairy and the texture is mucilaginous. The calyx segments are distinctly lance-shaped (long and narrow). Most people would have to consume very large quantities of the plant in order to do any harm, though anyone with liver problems should obviously be more cautious. It has a dense, clumping habit and grows up to 3 feet in height. Nowadays Russian comfrey is cultivated mainly as an ornamental plant, even though the beauty of the small flower is easily lost in the mass of large leaves. The plant grows very quickly, producing a lot of bulk. The peeled roots are cut up and added to soups. Only pick from white flowered Comfrey, see below. Russian, Common and Prickly Comfrey, learning how to know them when you see them. Decorative varieties of comfrey. The plant was rated in fourth place for per day nectar production per flower in a UK plants survey conducted by the AgriLand project which is supported by the UK Insect Pollinators Initiative. The stems and leaves are covered with stout, flattened, recurved prickles. The stalk itself is distinctly winged. If Comfrey gets out of control in your garden send in the chickens – they love it! More. Some caution is advised, however, especially in the internal use of the herb. Though it grows naturally in northern Europe, most populations are patches that have persisted after being introduced into cultivation. In early spring, the young leaves of both plants look very similar, however, there are key features to help with identification: Comfrey – Comfrey leaves have smooth, uninterrupted edges, and sparse, but bristly hairs. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of ... Symphytum asperum prickly comfrey Symphytum officinale common comfrey Symphytum tuberosum tuberous comfrey Symphytum ×uplandicum [asperum × officinale] comfrey Legal … The large leaves are broadly lance-shaped. A detailed look at the life cycle of Wild comfrey (Cynoglossum virginianum). For example I picked some leaves that were growing wild near me but now I think they could be young foxglove plants! A liquid feed can be obtained by soaking the leaves in a small amount of water for a week, excellent for potassium demanding crops such as tomatoes. Identify my common comfrey It is an herbaceous plant that can reach 1.5 meters, with slender, thick, rough and hairy leaves. Foxglove – Young leaves have a softly serrated edge, and many soft hairs; So much that they feel velvety. SOLVED: Comfrey or Virginia Bluebells? I’s leaves look the same as the ones in your photo’s but I planted it, thinking it was a small shrub and it is now about 3 metres high. is native to Europe and Asia and there are 40 recorded species throughout that region. Steven Fosterlives in Eureka Springs, Arkansas and been an herbalist for over 40 years. May cause loss of appetite, abdominal pain, vomiting. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Russian comfrey (S. x uplandicum) is a hybrid between common comfrey (S. officinale) and prickly comfrey (S. asperum), and grows four to six feet tall. Hi there, I would like to make some comfrey fertiliser but I'm having a problem identifying what is comfrey and what isn't. The blanched stalks are used. “I love plants and sharing information and imagery about the human experience with medicinal and aromatic plants.” You can follow Steven through his website. When number of flowers per floral unit, flower abundance, and phenology were taken into account it was the only member of the top 10 list for that measurement that also placed in the top 10 list for most nectar per unit cover per year. Comfrey plants are members of the Symphytum genus, a group of about 35 species of flowering perennials. Comfrey is especially useful in the external treatment of cuts, bruises, sprains, sores, eczema, varicose veins, broken bones etc, internally it is used in the treatment of a wide range of pulmonary complaints, internal bleeding etc. Simply layer the wilted leaves at the bottom of the potato trench or apply them as a mulch in no-dig gardens. Photo by Krzysztof Ziarnek. Comfrey is a powerful healing plant that is sometimes called the king of the vulneraries (healing plants). Wild comfrey (Cynoglossum virginianum) is a beautifully simple plant. How to identify Comfrey, Knitbone, Symphytum officinale. Damp, often shady localities, in meadows, woods etc, especially near streams and rivers. The species most popular as a garden plant is Symphytum officianale, a tuberous-rooted clumping perennial.It is a tall, easy-to-care-for plant, also used as livestock feed and for making compost. Common Comfrey is a popular plant in herbal medicine and is regularly used to treat sprains, bruises and wounds, and to ease the pain of arthritis. It begins growing its oval leaves in a basal rosette during spring. Comfrey is the organic gardener's best friend. I took some pictures but they won't … Deep Breath In: Best Herbs for Your Respiratory Health, This Miracle Nutrient Can Effectively Deal With Joint Pain, Herbal Oil Treatment Soothes Childhood Earache, Ginger Combination Helps Ease Symptoms of Osteoarthritis. Unlike other comfrey species, S. officinale has smooth, shining nutlets (seeds), but these are rarely seen. Flowering stalks have leaves attached in an alternating pattern up the stem. Comfrey is one of the best plants to have in the garden. The borage and comfrey plants are two different species, but they are members of the same plant family and look very similar when not in bloom. Although it is considered by many to be a weed. Comfrey is a commonly used herbal medicine with a long and proven history in the treatment of various complaints. It has only narrow wings on the main stalk, and they end between the internodes. It may be full of minerals but it is not pleasant eating for most tastes. See also the notes above on toxicity. Symphytum is a genus of flowering plants in the borage family, Boraginaceae. Comfrey identification 21-04-2020, 08:16 AM. Both are dried for later use. A member of the borage family, comfrey - Symphytum spp. The roasted roots are used with dandelion and chicory roots for making coffee. How people can help Our gardens are a vital resource for wildlife, providing corridors of green space between open countryside, allowing species to move about. This plant contains small quantities of a toxic alkaloid which can have a cumulative effect upon the liver. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. The short calyx lobes have pointed tips. Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) is a perennial herb in the Borage family native to Europe and now found growing wild throughout America. Cordyline Australis. The plant contains a substance called ‘allantoin’, a cell proliferant that speeds up the healing process. comfrey plant (on the right) with buds before it bloomed, green alkanet on the left, also a bit on the right with blue flowers. You'll find both in herb gardens and in some flower beds. The leaves narrowly hug the main stalk. Collecting . Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) Plant Identification page from our book Foraging & Feasting: A Field Guide and Wild Food Cookbook by Dina Falconi; illustrated by Wendy Hollender. Jan 23, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Kristofer Logan. The flowers are dark purple changing to blue or pinkish changing to pink-blue. Common comfrey (Symphytum officinale) is an erect, stout, often branched perennial, 20 – 42 inches tall. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. Other English names include Quaker comfrey, cultivated comfrey… Leaves begin to appear as early as January/February. The History of Rosemary: Discovering the Medicinal... 8 Festive Ways to Use Herbs in Your Holiday Decor. Comfrey leaves can be used as a mulch around plants to break down and act as a slow-release source of plant nutrients. Do not use with Eucalyptus. The younger, higher up leaves are more succulent to use as a green but the older, thicker leaves are better for making fritters from. Here is that same patch of comfrey… There are up to 35 species, kn… The Romans and Greeks cultivated comfrey as far back as 400BC for its medicinal properties. Branched perennial, blooming in the treatment of broken bones, leading it to be concerned. Contains small quantities of a toxic alkaloid which can have a cumulative effect upon the liver comfrey… is. 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